Information Technology Amendment Act 2006
STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS
The Information Technology Act was enacted in the year 2000 with a
view to give a fillip to the growth of electronic based
transactions, to provide legal recognition for e-commerce and
e-transactions, to facilitate e-governance, to prevent computer
based crimes and ensure security practices and procedures in the
context of widest possible use of information technology worldwide.
2. With proliferation of information technology enabled services
such as e-governance, e-commerce and e-transactions, protection of
personal data and information and implementation of security
practices and procedures relating to these applications of
electronic communications have assumed greater importance and they
require harmonisation with the provisions of the Information
Technology Act. Further, protection of Critical Information
Infrastructure is pivotal to national security, economy, public
health and safety, so it has become necessary to declare such
infrastructure as a protected system so as to restrict its access.
3. A rapid increase in the use of computer and internet has given
rise to new forms of crimes like publishing sexually explicit
materials in electronic form, video voyeurism and breach of
confidentiality and leakage of data by intermediary, e-commerce
frauds like personation commonly known as Phishing, identity theft
and offensive messages through communication services. So, penal
provisions are required to be included in the Information Technology
Act, the Indian Penal Code, the Indian Evidence Act and the Code of
Criminal Procedure to prevent such crimes.
4. The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
in the year 2001 adopted the Model Law on Electronic Signatures. The
General Assembly of the United Nations by its resolution No. 56/80,
dated 12th December, 2001, recommended that all States accord
favourable consideration to the said Model Law on Electronic
Signatures. Since the digital signatures are linked to a specific
technology under the existing provisions of the Information
Technology Act, it has become necessary to provide for alternate
technology of electronic signatures for bringing harmonisation with
the said Model Law.
5. The service providers may be authorised by the Central Government
or the State Goverment to set up, maintain and upgrade the
computerised facilities and also collect, retain and appropriate
service charges for providing such services at such scale as may be
specified by the Central Government or the State Government.
6. The Bill seeks to achieve the above objects.
NEW DELHI; DAYANIDHI MARAN.
The 6th December, 2006.